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About Brain Injury

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is defined as damage to the brain, which occurs at least seven days after birth and is not related to congenital disorder. The damage may be caused by traumatic injury to the brain or a non-traumatic cause, such as stroke, tumour, aneurysm, anoxia or an infection.

Childhood ABI is one of the leading causes of death and long-term disability. After an ABI, children and youth and their families may experience changes in many areas of their lives. These may include physical and mental health, ways of thinking, behaviour, social and family life, self-concept, and economic circumstances. Recovery from ABI varies a great deal among children and youth. Our understanding of the recovery process among young people suggests that it is complicated because this recovery is happening at the same time as changes that occur naturally as part of typical development. Even for those with mild ABI, in spite of apparently complete recovery in the weeks immediately following ABI, it is possible that some of these children and their families will have difficulties in the future.

Investigators at CanChild have studied transitions to home, school and community, and the trajectories and consequences of childhood ABI.


Brain Injury: Completed Studies

ABI Trajectories
Cognitive Intervention for Children with TBI
Effective Rehabilitation for Children with TBI
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Study
Transitions Experienced by Children with ABI

Brain Injury: Project Reports

ABI Transitions Study Report
Rehabilitation Services for Children with ABI

Brain Injury: Using the Evidence

Alternative Treatment for Children: Controversies
An Update on Constraint Therapy in Children with Hemiplegia
Casts, Splints, and Orthoses for Lower Extremity
Casts, Splints, and Orthoses for Lower Extremity
Feeding Interventions for Children with ABI
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Hot or Not?
Use of Botox in Children with Muscle Stiffness