Skip to Content
eNews Join our Mailing List
Find us on facebook, like the CanChild fan page

Donate to CanChild

Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)

The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) is a 5 level classification system that describes the gross motor function of children and youth with cerebral palsy on the basis of their self-initiated movement with particular emphasis on sitting, walking, and wheeled mobility. Distinctions between levels are based on functional abilities, the need for assistive technology, including hand-held mobility devices (walkers, crutches, or canes) or wheeled mobility, and to a much lesser extent, quality of movement.

The original version was developed in 1997; as of 2007, the expanded and revised version (GMFCS - E&R) further includes an age band for youth 12 to 18 years.

Click on the links below for further information:
GMFCS - Original Version (1997)
GMFCS - Expanded and Revised Version (2007)