Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)
The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) is a 5 level classification system that describes the gross motor function of children and youth with cerebral palsy on the basis of their self-initiated movement with particular emphasis on sitting, walking, and wheeled mobility. Distinctions between levels are based on functional abilities, the need for assistive technology, including hand-held mobility devices (walkers, crutches, or canes) or wheeled mobility, and to a much lesser extent, quality of movement.
The original version was developed in 1997; as of 2007, the expanded and revised version (GMFCS - E&R) further includes an age band for youth 12 to 18 years.
Click on the links below for further information:
GMFCS - Original Version (1997)
GMFCS - Expanded and Revised Version (2007)